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Abu shakur balkhy:

He was born in Balkh in the first of 10th century (A.D). He was a scientist who knew Literature, philosophy  & Wisdom. He had a big complete word that we have only 150 distiches of it.

He is the first one who invented Mathnavi (Poetry consisting of distiches riming between themselves). Also we know he composed poems in 915 A.D named Afarinname.